Probably, many of us have ever struggled with the dandruff problem. White flakes on the scalp and in the hair do not look aesthetically pleasing, so this is uncomfortable for us. Dandruff can have several causes, so it’s worth looking into all possibilities to prevent recurrence. In this article, you will learn facts and myths about dandruff and its formation.

The problem is in the head

The problem is in the head
The problem is in the head

Dandruff is a problem that most of us would rather overcome quickly and literally. It is a disease that is easy to diagnose because it is difficult not to miss it. White flakes are quickly visible on hair, especially in dark hair. Dandruff can occur for cosmetic, internal, or skin reasons. There are many opinions about dandruff, but not all of them are wrong. Read on to find out the truth about this condition.

Dandruff myths

Combing helps

With dandruff, we often feel itchy on our scalp, so we start to itch. Unfortunately, this behavior, instead of providing relief, only exacerbates the problem. Then the scalp becomes more irritated, which leads to weakening of the bulbs and their loss.

Lack of hygiene

It is often believed that dandruff occurs in people who do not care about their personal hygiene. And it can indirectly affect the appearance of dandruff, but is not a direct cause of its formation. Sometimes poorly selected cosmetics can be the cause.

Dandruff facts

Washing hair in hot water

We often find the root cause of dandruff in improper scalp care. Many people think that washing your hair in too hot water causes dandruff, and they are right about that. Excessively hot water disrupts the hydrolipidic balance of the scalp. This causes the epidermis to flake off more quickly, which causes dandruff.

Sleeping with wet hair

Sometimes we can’t always wash our hair early enough to let it dry before bed. In this case, we either go to bed with wet hair, or dry it mechanically with a hairdryer. If you go to bed with wet hair, scalp fungi multiply faster because moisture and heat are two factors that are ideal for their proliferation.

Year-round “disease”

Dandruff is not a seasonal condition, and can be “infected” in both summer and winter. The appearance of white flakes on the scalp can be caused by cosmetic mistakes that we make in our daily care. Improper use of dry shampoos, foams, or other cosmetics can cause them to come back. However, dandruff is often confused with atopic dermatitis, which occurs in spring and winter, and psoriasis. If dandruff has returned, then you should contact a trichologist who correctly diagnoses its cause.

Types of dandruff

We can distinguish three types of dandruff that haunts our head. It:

  •  classic dandruff arising from cosmetic mistakes associated with daily care;
  •  dry dandruff, which most often occurs with excessive exfoliation of the epidermis, resulting in dry and white scales;
  •  seborrhea dandruff, which occurs with skin inflammation, persistent itching and severe seborrhea, due to which the epidermal spots stick to the scalp.

Dandruff reasons

There can be several reasons for dandruff, so it is not always possible to find only one “culprit”. Dandruff can result from the use of inappropriate or overuse cosmetics. If you wash your hair too rarely, dandruff can also cause dandruff as accumulated sebum and dead cells are not removed regularly.

Do not overload the scalp with excessive use of styling or modeling cosmetics. If such cosmetics are not thoroughly washed off the scalp, their “layering” can lead to dandruff. Allergies to certain ingredients in cosmetics or hair dyes can also contribute to white hair flakes. Poor diet, alcohol abuse, prolonged and frequent contact with artificial materials can also cause dandruff. Overuse of anti-dandruff shampoo can also lead to dandruff. Then the scalp is cleansed too well, which is bad for it

Dandruff remedies

To get rid of this unpleasant problem, you can contact a trichologist, who will determine what is the cause of it, and prescribe suitable cosmetics or medications, and restore the balance of the scalp. Sometimes a change of shampoo is enough to get rid of this problem. Choose a moisturizing shampoo rather than an oily shampoo.

Anti-dandruff therapy can be used, during which appropriate masks, shampoos and lotions should be used that have an anti-dandruff effect. We can also get rid of this unwanted problem with home remedies like lemon or herbal rinse. Among others, burdock, nettle, birch or black turnip. The diet should be rich in zinc, fatty acids and B vitamins.