Bed bugs in homes are a real and frustrating problem. Although a few decades ago in developed countries it was believed that these unpleasant insects were removed once and for all, the opportunity to travel to the farthest corners of the world made this topic return like a boomerang. Contrary to popular belief, bed bugs do not appear in dirty and neglected places, but quite the opposite. Insects can enter a house in different ways, and this does not depend on whether we live in a rural area, in a detached house or an apartment building. The presence of bedbugs is difficult to determine, but if even one is found, vigorous and drastic measures must be taken. How to get rid of these household pests? Are they dangerous?
What does a bug look like?
Bed bugs are small insects that appear in homes. It feeds on human blood, but its mouthpiece painlessly cuts through the skin. Bed bugs reach a maximum size of 5 mm. They are characterized by a rounded flattened brown body. Those who have already shed blood are darker. Bed bugs move around the apartment very well and can climb walls without problems. They are active only at night: during the day they hide in different nooks and crannies, but most often they stay near the bed.
How to recognize the presence of bedbugs?
The presence of bedbugs can go unnoticed for weeks. Most often, their presence is detected by the bite marks. Usually, itchy redness (grouped in several) can be seen on exposed parts of the body, but not everyone reacts equally to contact with an insect. Sometimes a minor allergic reaction may appear on the body, but there are also asymptomatic cases. If we manage to find at least one insect walking around the bed in the evening, rest assured that there are many more. Traces of presence are clustered white eggs, droppings (small black spots) and brown exudate. An unpleasant but characteristic odor is often felt, reminiscent of coriander or overripe raspberries.
Why is it so important to get rid of bed bugs?
Bed bugs are an annoying problem as they are believed to only nest in abandoned houses. They can be passed on in a variety of ways, such as buying non-disinfected clothing from second-hand stores, old furniture, or spending the night in hotels and hostels. Bed bugs can also be found on padded seats on public transport, cinemas, theaters, and museums. Most often, insects move between apartments in apartment buildings, especially when they do not have owners nearby for a long time (although they can even live several hundred days without food).
Are bed bugs dangerous?
Although bed bugs feed on blood, the disease rarely spreads from one person to another, as they often live near the same host. However, its presence contributes to general discomfort and causes insomnia. Sometimes a bug bite can cause a violent allergic reaction (severe redness, rash, difficulty breathing). Unfortunately, bed bugs can also transmit Staphylococcus aureus, which is the cause of a number of serious diseases such as sepsis or osteomyelitis.
Getting rid of bedbugs
Removing bedbugs is very difficult and almost impossible to do without the help of a specialized company. However, before seeking professional advice, it is important to identify their habitat. Where are they most often found? The bedding includes mattresses, pillows, wooden bed frames. They can also hide in crevices, nooks and crannies, such as books, paintings, electrical outlets, and even baseboards. They can often be found in the wardrobe and the items of clothing hidden in it.
Home remedies for bedbugs
First, you should take care of bad hygiene. Bed linen should be changed frequently and washed at high temperatures (60 degrees Celsius). The clothes should be handled in the same way and ironed thoroughly. Frequent vacuuming of beds, carpets, pillows and blankets, floors, frames or crevices is also very effective (the vacuum cleaner bag should be discarded immediately and tightly wrapped in a bag). It's also a good idea to get a steam cleaner, as it is an easy way to disinfect your home and kill the larvae. Delicate fabrics that can be damaged by washing can be frozen (10 hours at -20 degrees).
In the case of bedbugs, the help of specialized companies is extremely helpful because they have very effective insect control measures. Unfortunately, this usually involves leaving the apartment for several days, because chemicals are very harmful to humans.
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