A runny nose is an ailment that almost every Pole has to fight with at least once a year. Although it is mainly associated with the common cold, in practice it can accompany many illnesses. This ailment can be very disturbing. This can be accompanied by breathing problems, sleep problems, and an untreated runny nose can lead to serious complications.
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A runny nose is a common name for an ailment, a symptom of which is a profuse discharge from the nose. Rhinitis occurs as a result of inflammation of the nasal mucosa. Does mucus only appear during infection? No. Only its quantity is increasing. While a healthy nose secretes about half a liter per day, it is 3 times more infected. Rhinitis is a defense reaction of the body - as a result of an increased amount of secretions, it wants to eliminate the threat from the body. With a runny nose, symptomatic treatment should be applied - there is no medicine that will make you recover immediately. Most often, you will have a runny nose within 7-10 days. It is not true that you can refuse treatment in this case, as the infection, instead of disappearing, can lead to complications, including: bronchitis. That is why you need to respond to the symptoms of the disease.
Types of rhinitis
How to treat a runny nose primarily depends on what is causing it. Viruses are the most common - mainly rhinoviruses, coronaviruses and adenoviruses. Then the discharge is cloudy and watery. In this case, symptoms of infection such as low-grade fever or sneezing may appear. Often a viral infection precedes a bacterial infection, which usually does not require consultation with a specialist.
Another cause of a runny nose can be a bacterial infection. Then the discharge is yellow, grayish or even green. The infection can be accompanied by a fever and a wet cough. In this case, antibiotic therapy is most often required.
The third type of rhinitis is allergic rhinitis. It can be hay or all-season. A runny nose appears as a result of contact of the mucous membrane with an allergen. Such an allergen can be, for example, dust or animal hair. Then neither antibiotics nor medications that help well with a viral infection will help. However, the effect will be the introduction of correctly selected antihistamines. The best way to avoid this reaction is to avoid contact with the allergen, but in practice this can be very difficult. If you suspect you are struggling with allergic rhinitis, be sure to see an allergist. Perhaps he will suggest medications that will prevent your body from responding intensively to the allergenic factor.
Remedies for a stuffy nose
You can manage rhinitis using over-the-counter medications as well as home remedies. Here are some methods to help eliminate the ailment:
Medications - such as drops, sprays, or pills for the common cold. They can help, among other things, drugs containing xylometazoline, oxymetazoline, or naphazoline.
Antihistamines - if you are struggling with allergic rhinitis.
Garlic and onions are two foods recommended for a wide variety of infections. They have, among other things, an antiviral effect that will help get rid of a cold faster. How to use them? For example, you can add them to a sandwich or dish.
Marjoram Ointment - Apply to the wings of your nose, and it will soothe any possible skin irritation.
Saline inhalation - you need a nebulizer and saline solution. Pour saline into the reservoir, then put on the supplied mask and start the device. This makes it easier to clear mucus from the nose.
In any case, when the disease persists, and even new symptoms arise, it is worth seeking medical help. The specialist will identify the cause of the infection and suggest appropriate treatment.