Joints are one of the most vulnerable parts of our body to aging. They can withstand heavy loads and are subject to mechanical damage. Most people, including young people, complain of knee pain. The reasons are degeneration, obesity or unhealthy diet. Knee pain very often occurs due to the drying out of synovial fluid, which protects adjacent bones from friction and is responsible for the proper functioning of the articular cartilage. What are the causes of dryness and insufficient fluid production in the knee? What is the treatment?
Drying of synovial fluid in the knee and poor nutrition
Water, collagen, hyaluronic acid and elastic fibers. Certain nutrients are needed for their production, especially calcium, phosphorus, vitamin D, or unsaturated fatty acids. This is why your daily diet should include vegetable fats, sea fish, whole grains, or low-fat dairy products.
Drying out synovial fluid in knees and injuries
Too many sports, physical work involving lifting heavy objects, and too much time in a sitting position contribute to its drying. It is worth knowing that moderate physical activity adapted to our abilities (e.g. cycling, swimming) stimulates the production of fluids.
Drying knee fat and chronic diseases
Chronic diseases can also damage articular cartilage. The most dangerous are diabetes, thyroid diseases (both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism), chronic stress and obesity. The extra pounds put a huge strain on the joints and quickly damage the articular cartilage.
Drying synovial fluid in the knee - treatment
Treatment of synovial joint defects should be carried out under the supervision of an orthopedist. Usually, anti-inflammatory and pain relievers are required first, as well as measures to stimulate the restoration of connective tissue in the joint. In advanced cases, a special drug is injected into the joint (it contains glucocorticosteroids and hyaluronic acid). Physiotherapy (ultrasound, magnetic field) and rehabilitation are also very helpful.